Saffron is a herbaceous perennial plant native to western and southern Europe and India which is most often grown as a fragrance oil and as an ornamental.
It is also grown for its flowers, called chilis or calyxes.
Saffron is a highly effective plant killer. It inhibits the synthesis of numerous enzymes involved in the fermentation process of various carbohydrates in the human body.
Saffron is also used as an emollient, tonic, tonic in the treatment of stomach ulcers, rheumatic diseases, bronchitis, bronchitis and sinusitis, coughs and pneumonia, as a diuretic, and as an anti-viral.
Saffron has also been used as a disinfectant, insect repellent, anti-fungal agent, and as a treatment for burns and other dermatological conditions.
Where did saffron come from?
Saffron was introduced from the East of Asia by traders in the 9th century. It was first cultivated on the west coast of India where it was a key medicinal substance used for the treatment of boils and ulcers.
In India, the use of saffron as a cure-all was first recorded in the 6th century, as described in the famous Sanskrit Sanskrit Siddhanta, written in 4th century A.D. This text has been called one of the most influential works in the history of modern science.
The word saffron is derived from Sanskrit bhuj, meaning ‘sweet’, which is the name of the leaves of this plant. Although it is not very widely grown in India, it is still cultivated for its medicinal properties in many parts of the world.
How is saffron extracted?
Many herbalists extract the alkaloid from saffron to produce various types of extracts
Saffron extract can range from a very weak alkaloid to highly potent plant extracts. Depending upon the quality and variety of the plant, it can range from weak to very potent extract with a good quality concentration of alkaloids within it.
Saffron is extracted from dried stems and leaves of saffron. Various techniques of extraction of saffron to produce potent plant extracts used include: washing saffron leaves with hot water to wash away any remaining alkaloids and extracting the alkaloids with solvents such as ethyl alcohol or methanol. The